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A hypothetical reconstruction of the Islamic city of Banten Indonesia Free Online Islamic e Books Islamicebooks






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A hypothetical reconstruction of the Islamic city of Banten Indonesia

This thesis concerns the hypothetical reconstruction of the Islamic city of Banten, Indonesia. For more than one hundred years this site lay deserted, abandoned even be-fore the end of the Sultanates of Banten. A minor port of the north coast of Java brought to life by conquering Moslem merchant-evangelists coming from the more eastern parts of the island, Banten flourished with the spice trade during the early European expansion overseas. But its greatness was short-lived. Old Banten is a lost city, and most of its monuments are buried and covered with grass. Unfortunately, there are very few published accounts describing Banten, especially after it was conquered by Maulana Hasanuddin 1525 A.D. It quickly became the principal port in western Java, replacing Sunda Kalapa (now Jakarta, the capital of the Republic of Indonesia). As the sixteenth century passed, Banten surpassed the other competing market places along Java's north coast, and by 1596 it was the largest and most prosperous of them all. There are also very few published accounts during the critical 70 years of its development from its founding as an Islamic city to the arrival of the first fleets from northern Europe, and they are brief.


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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Chapter One: Introduction

1.1 Objectives 1

1.2 Research Method o-f Hypothetical Reconstruction 6

Chapter Two: Historical Background

2.1 The World of Islamic Cities 14

2.2 Southeast Asian Cities ...... 26

2.3 The Islamic City of Banten 41

2. 3. 1 Geography of Banten 46

2.3.2 The Pre-Islamic Sundanese Period 50

2.3.3 Banten during the Islamic Period 66

2.3.4 The End of the Sultanate of Banten 83

Chapter Three: Hypothetical Reconstruction of Old Banten

3. 1 Present Condition of the Site 95

3.2 Past Condition of the Ancient City 107

3.2.1 Survey of Written Descriptions 108

3.2.2 Analysis o-f the Old Maps and Aerial Photography 122

3.3 Banten and Javanese-Islamic Urbanization 137

Chapter Four: Conclusion

4.1 Philosophy of Urban Historic Site Preservation 151

4.2 Master Plan -for the Reconstruction of Banten 156

4.2.1 Proposal -for Restoration .. 160

4.2.2 Building by Building Application 165

4.2.3 Museum Development ........ 174

4.3 Banten and Tourism 177

Chapter five: Conclusion

5.1 The Chronology of Banten' s Evolution 185

5.2 The Present Site of old Banten 188

5.3 A Master Plan of Old Banten 189

BRIEF CHRONOLOGY OF OLD BANTEN 191

GLOSSARY 1 97

BIBLIOGRAPHY 202


 

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